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Structure of a Newspaper Article
The nut graph is the paragraph that contains the core information about the story and tells the reader why the story is important.
The remainder of the article contains supporting paragraphs that go into more detail about the topic, often including quotes and interesting facts. The less important information should appear later in the article, since the article may be cropped (shortened) by the editor (the person who puts the newspaper together) to make the article fit on the newspaper page.
The reporter's opinions should not appear in the article - only the facts. Use clear and simple language. Keep the article short and to the point. Use active verbs (for example: Man bites dog) and not passive verbs (for example: Dog bitten by man).
Each picture, graph or illustration should have a caption describing or explaining it. http://www.enchantedlearning.com/newspaper/
The inverted pyramid is a metaphor used by journalists and other writers to illustrate the placing of the most important information first within a text.
It is a common method for writing new stories and is widely taught to journalism students.
The "inverted"or upside-down "pyramid"can be thought of as a simple triangle with one side drawn horizontally at the top and the body pointing down.
The widest part at the top represents the most substantial, interesting, and important information the writer means to convey,illustrating that this kind of material should head the article, while the tapering lower portion illustrates that other material should follow in order of diminishing importance.
It is sometimes called a "summary news lead" style or "Bottom Line Up Front" or BLUF.
The format is valued because readers can leave the story at any point and understand it, even if they don't have all the details.
It also allows less important information at the end, where it can be removed by editors so the article can fit a fixed size - that is, it can be "cut from the bottom." This is known as the Cut Off Test.
Other styles are also used in news writing, including the "anecdotal lead," which begins the story with an eye-catching tale or anecdote rather than the central facts; and the Q&A, or question-and-answer format.
Basic Inverted Pyramid
Detailed Inverted Pyramid