Sojourner School is founded on the Multiple Intelligences theory of Dr. Howard Gardner, which identifies eight human intelligences elementary schools should address to help children achieve their highest potential.



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Howard Gardner's Eight Intelligences are:

Interpersonal
Intrapersonal
Visual/Spatial
Musical
Bodily/Kinesthetic
Mathematical/Logical
Verbal/Linguistic
Naturalistic

These Intelligences can be described as follows:

Linguistic intelligence - refers to an individual's capacity touse language effectively as a means of expression and communicationthrough the written or spoken word (Examples: poets, writers, orators,and comedians.

Logical-Mathematical intelligence - refers to an individual'sability to recognize relationships and patterns between concepts andthings, to think logically, to calculate numbers, and to solve problemsscientifically and systematically. (Examples: mathematicians,economists, lawyers and scientists.

Visual -Spatial intelligence - refers to the capability to thinkin images and orient oneself spatially. In addition, spatiallyintelligent people are able to graphically represent their visual andspatial ideas (Examples: artists, decorators, architects, pilots,sailors, surveyors, inventors, and guides.

Musical intelligence - refers to the capacity to appreciate avariety of musical forms as well as being able to use music as avehicle of expression. Musically intelligent people are perceptive toelements of rhythm, melody, and pitch (Examples: singers, musicians,and composers.

Bodily-Kinesthetic intelligence - refers to the capacity ofusing one's own body skillfully as a means of expression or to workwith one's body to create or manipulate objects (Examples: dancers,actors, athletes, sculptors, surgeons, mechanics, and craftspeople.

Interpersonal (Social) intelligence - refers to the capacity toappropriately and effectively communicate with and respond to otherpeople. The ability to work cooperatively with others and understandtheir feelings (Examples: sales people, politicians, religious leaders,talk show hosts, etc.

Intrapersonal intelligence - refers to the capacity toaccurately know one's self, including knowledge of one's own strengths,motivations, goals, and feelings. To be capable of self-reflection andto be introverted and contemplative are also traits held by personswith Intrapersonal intelligence. (Examples: entrepreneurs, therapists,philosophers, etc.

Naturalistic intelligence - refers to the ability to identifyand classify the components that make up our environment. Thisintelligence would have been especially apt during the evolution of thehuman race in individuals who served as hunters, gatherers, andfarmers. (Examples: botanists, farmers, etc. Some famous examplesinclude: Charles Darwin, E.O. Wilson).

Julie Wise, 2001

Project Zero - Harvard University
Last Modified on August 24, 2013